Poets: ap 25 bt eae pt “ne ont

le a “n Paty pee fad sal anal ee SATS SLC SAS A aay heat ES oar tg

rae 42 Beret rte

Porites

Mi tes eae Te MS ed a ne ee Sm <A i >

Cot me

eae

ey

ae Caos $4 “iat Ge , mm, Ole yo" y : 4 8 pet Se

of

HARVARD UNIVERSITY.

LIBRARY

OF THE

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY.

TRANSACTIONS AND PROG EDI NGS

AND Hi | eo.

REPORT

OF THE

ROYAL SOCIETY of SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

Naa." SS Sera

For 1898-99.

[WitH TEN PLATES. |

EDITED BY PROFESSOR R. TATE. Bae

ow a ee > eae

Adelaide : W. C. RIGBY, 74, KING WILLIAM STREET.

““DECEMBER, 1899.

Parcels for transmission to the Royal Society of South

_ Australia, from Europe and America, should be addressed “f _ “per W. C. Rigby, care Messrs. Thos. Meadews & Co.,

34, Milk Street, Cheapside, London.”

Mopal Society of South Australia,

Patron : HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN.

Vice-Hutron : HIS EXCELLENCY LORD 'TENNYSON. = —~—- =—

OFFICE RS:

[ELECTED OcToBRR, 1899. ]

President : W. L. CLELAND, M.B.

Vice-President : PROFESSOR RALPH TATE. (Representative Governor.)

WALTER HOWCHIN, F.G.S.

Son. Treasurer : Son. Deevetary : WALTER RUTT, C.E. G. G. MAYO, C.E.

aembers of Council: REV. THOS. BLACKBURN, B.A. PROFESSOR E. H. RENNIE

SAMUEL DIXON D.Sc., F.C:S:; J. S. LLOYD E. C. STIRLING, C.M.G., M.D.,;

W. H. SELWAY M.A., F.B.S.

jaw 16 1902 CONTENTS.

PART I. (Issued August, 1899).

Perea J. G. O.: A List a Australasian ee with some

Notes by M. René Martin..

Pi TurRNER, Ir. A. J.: Notes on Australian Lepidoptera

BLACKBURN, Rev. T.: New Genera and Species of Australian Coleoptera (XXV.) Ne Aa ae

Tate, Pror. R.: On some Tertiary Fossils of Uncertain Age from Murray Desert (Plate I.) ne = er ~~

Howcuin, WALTER: List of Foraminifera from the Murray Desert Beds bias 0 = ie

DENNANT, J. : New Species of Corals from the Australian Tertiaries (Part I., Plates Ii. and III.)

Soirtme, Dr. E. C., and A. Zretz: On the ay of Phascolonus gigas with Sceparnodon ramsarje ...

PART II. (Issued December, 1899).

Lea, ArtHUR A. : Descriptions of Australian Curculionide

HowcHin, WALTER: Notes on the Geology of Kangaroo Island, with special reference to Evidences of Extinct Glacial Action (Plates IV. and V.)

“ZintTz, A. : Notes on Some Fossil Reptilia from the Warburton River

near Lake Kyre

Higcin, ALFRED J.: Notes on Melonite ae sie from Wortupa, South Australia... ae is =e

TaTE, Pror. R.: A Revision of the Australian Cyclostrematide and Liotiidz (Plates VI. and VII. pars)

—— ———_——.- (Contributions toa Revision of the Recent Rissoidze of Australia (Plate VII. pars)

—————\— Definitions of New Species of Land Shells from South Australia (Plate VI. pars)

——_——_—— A Revision of the Older Tertiary Mollusca of Aus- tralia. Part I.—Palliobranchiata Ptergpoda, Scaphopoda and _ Lamellibranchiata, pars (Plate VIII.) ae ae an

‘TEPPER, J. G. O.: Notes on and Description of the Male of

-Coelosoma immane, Maskell and of a New Species of a Leaf- mining Moth “a “Bs Le oe ca

Dewnnant, J. : Descriptions of New Species of Corals from the Aus- tralian Tertiaries, Part II. (Plates IX. and X.)

TATE, Pror. R.: Diagnoses of four New Species of Plants from South Australia . : an sls is ne

PAGE

274

278

281

288

ABSTRACT OF PROCEEDINGS ANNUAL REPORT aes ae m pn BALANCE-SHEET

PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS

DonATIONS TO LIBRARY

List or FErELLows

APPENDICES. Proceepincs, ANNUAL BReEporRT, AND BALANCE-SHEET OF TH Fretp NATURALISTS’ SECTION a a mes i \

ANNUAL REPORT AND BALANCE-SHEET OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SECTION ~

GENERAL INDEX

EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES.

Puate I. : Post-Eocene Fossils from the Murray Desert. ... Puates II., III. : New Species of Older Tertiary Corals ... i.

PuateE IV.: Section ee the sca galt Cone ee in Kangaroo Island a #2 ai)

PuatE V.: Geological ahaa Illustrating the same Occurrence Prates VI., VII.: New Species of Recent Australian Mollusca Puate VIII.: New Species of Older Tertiary Mollusca

Puates IX., X.: New Species of Older Tertiary Corals

ADDENDA AND CORRIGENDA. Pace 45: Under Chalcopterus gracilicornis insert N.W. Australia. Pacy 48: Under C. mundus insert N. Queensland. Pace 55: Under Emenadia difficilis znsert S. Australia.

Pace 209: 21 lines from top, 3 and 5 lines from bottom, for unguinal read. ungual.

0 6$00%—_—_——

i aes a: ON HER ee : . 5 , 3 Be ade < ui i UL gS EG Pe ete eg Se - es ey - a a Sn yes AF EES

(Wire Saeee eee +

Plates vi. “VIL of Vol. XXH, are issued herewith,

ww. C. RIGBY, 4, KING WILLIAM STREET, Be ag

Pareeig for. transmission to the aval Society. of South ks _ Australia, from Europe and America, should be addressed | Pi ae we C. Rigby, care Messrs. “Thos. Meadows & Co. 4 i cen 34, Milk Street, Cheapaide, London.” ee z

2 ~ 4 Vic ae Bieta: \ Fee EG, ee - . e A Re ay, Sais vanes OB a Ve t v= > K - ? \ . = ~ Y =% y = n ; t i eo \

A List OF THE LIBELLULIDZ (DRAGON FLIES OF AUSTRALASIA. .

By J. G. O. Teppsr, F.LS., F.S.Se., &e.

WitH ANNOTATIONS ON SOUTH AUSTRALIAN SPECIES.

By Mons. Rene Marti.

[Read May 2,. 1899.]

The Libellulide form a part of the Odonata or Pseudo- Neuroptera. They are classed now with the Orthoptera, but were formerly included among the Neuroptera, which they resemble in appearance of the mature forms, but their meta- morphosis is quite different. The Thripside, Psocide, Embide, Termitide, Perlide, and Ephemeride embrace the remaining families.

Very little appears to have been published hitherto in Aus- tralia on the species of Odonata occurring endemically in this region, excepting several papers by Mr. W. W. Froggatt in Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W. (vol. X., 1895-6), on the Termites or White Ants.” The chief reasons for this paucity are that not only are the specimens rather difficult to capture, collect, and preserve, but that the literature relating to the suborder is so widely scattered in mostly foreign publications as to be almost inaccessible for any local student. The means are therefore lacking to learn which forms are known to occur in the district or province, or. to classify them when collected. To meet this want to some extent this list of the most important and con- spicuous family has been drawn up, as a preliminary step towards a better knowledge.

Naturally the work is somewhat imperfect, it being quite impossible for one not in possession either of all the necessary literature or extensive collections to discriminate whether a species appearing in various genera, under different authors, or from dissimilar localities (or vice versa), be one and the same or not, or whether different species have been included under similar names. This can ultimately only be determined by European workers to whom both literature and collections are accessible.

The present list is chiefly based on the essays of Fr. Brauer, published in the Verhandlungen der Botan. und Zool. Gesell-

9 =

schaft, Wien,” between 1862 and 1868, and the Zoological Record” from 1868 to 1897. A few species were gleaned from Burmeister’s Handbuch,” 1838, and one from the British Museum Catalogue. The dates attached refer to the earliest notice observed in the works above cited.

The arrangement of the genera follows mainly that of Brauer’s “‘ Verzeichniss” (Abh. Bot. u. Zool. Ges, 1868).

Respecting the numerical extent of the Libellulide, it may be remarked that in 1871 Selys recorded (as known) some 1,357 species, but may have been considerably added to since. The Australian species, of which 139 in 65 genera are listed below, appear to be those least known; and it is hoped that this paper may lead to a better study of the family ere rendered im- practicable through more or less total extinction, with which all endemic life in Australia is threatened, either directly or in- directly.

The Dragon-flies attract the attention of many persons, partly on account of the large size of some, the brilliant colours of some of the smaller, and the ceaseless graceful flight of most, and partly through the groundless fear of injury, which produced the vernacular name of ‘“ Horse-stingers” for them; yet they are rarely taken by collectors. They deserve, however, serious study on account of the important réle they act in Nature as tireless consumers of flies, mosquitoes, and other large and small insects wherever water more or less abounds.

The larve and nymphs are wholly aquatic, living in fresh to brackish stagnant pools, ponds, or morasses. Whenever practic- able to connect them with the mature form they should be collected also, at least the cast skin of the nymph, which the imago leaves attached to some object on emerging. They are very much stouter in body than the latter, move about in the water by walking on the bottom, climbing plants, &., and con tribute largely to the reduction of other and more noxious insect life.

During 1898 specimens of the South Australian Libellulide were sent by permission of the Board of Governors to Mons. René Martin (Le Blanc, Indre, France), a noted specialist, who kindly identified them, and furnished the notes which are indi- cated under each species-name by inclusion within inverted commas (“ ”). These I have supplemented by remarks, &c., and the localities whence the specimens in the Museum collection were obtained. The species hitherto recognised in South Aus-

tralia, and of which specimens are in the Museum collection, are denoted by an asterisk.

3

SUBORDER ODONATA (PSEUDO-NEUROPTERA).

FAMILY [.—LIBELLULIDA. SUBFAMILY 1. LIBELLUNINZA.

Pantala fiavescens, Fabricius. New South Wales, Fiji, New Caledonia, Tahiti (Brauer, 1864-8; R. Martin, 1896). The species is widely distributed in the Old World, being met with from Europe to Kamschatka, and reported from Natal.

*Tramea carolina, Z. Northern Territory of 8.A., New Cale- donia, India, America (Brauer, 1864-8).

Tramea Loewi, Brawer (1866). Queensland, Ceram.

Tramea brevistyla, Brauer (1865). New South Wales.

Tramea transmarina, Brauer (1866). Fiji.

Tramea samoensis, Brauer (1866). Samoa.

Rhyothemis (Celithemis) apicalis, Kirby. New Hebrides (Zool. Rec., 1889).

Rhyothemis (Celithemis) chalcoptilon, Brawer. Samoa (1868).

Rhyothemis (Celithemis) pygmza, Brauer (1866-8). New Guinea.

Rhyothemis Chloé, Kirby. Queensland (Z.R., 1894).

Rhyothemis crapula, Brawer. Fiji.

Rhyothemis graphiptera, Rambur. Queensland (Br., 1868).

Rhyothemis dispar, brawer (1867). Fiji.

Rhyothemis princeps, Kirby. Queensland (Z.R., 1894).

Rhyothemis resplendens, Selys. Queensland, New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

ce ae Turneri, Kirby. Queensland (Z.R., 1894).

Zyxomma multinervis, Carpenter. New Guinea (Z.R., 1897).

Zyxomma (Tholymis) tillarga, abr. Tahiti, Samoa, India, Chili, Madagascar, Mauritius (Br., 1868).

Perithemis (Microthemis) Duivenbodei, Lrawer (1866). New Guinea.

Calothemis (Orchithemis) Meyeri, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Neurothemis elegans, Guérin. New Guinea (Brauer, 1866).

Neurothemis fluctuans, Burmeister, 1838 ; Brauer, 1866. Pel- Islands.

Neurothemis innominata, Brauer (1867). New Guinea, Ceram. (To this species belongs WV. diplax, Br., as a heteromorphoug form.

2 oligoneura, Brauer (1867). North Australia.

Neurothemis oculata, Fabricius. North Australia (Brauer, 1867).

Urothemis nigrilabris, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

*Nesoxenia Libellula) braminea, Fabr. Australia (S.A.), India, &ec. (Brauer, 1868). Colour bright-blue when alive; expanse of wings, 3-34 in. (75 mm.). Un male d’Adelaide.

4

L’espece habite les Indies orientales et l’Australie. Elle parait étre commune dans New South Wales.” Specimens obtained at Magill and Mount Lofty.

Nesoxenia (Libellula) cingulata, Kirby. Alu Islands (Z.R., 1889).

Pst Wahnesi, /oerster. New Guinea (Z.R., 1897).

Trithemis festiva (infernalis), Brauer. New Guinea, India, &e. (Brauer, 1865). °

Orthemis pectoralis, Brauer (1868). Fiji, Ceram.

Nesocria Woodfordi, Kirby. Solomon Islands (Z.R., 1889).

Crocothemis (Hydronympha) servilia, Drury. Queensland, China, India (Brauer, 1868).

Hydronympha (Orthetrum) nigrifrons, zrby. Queensland (Z.R., 1894).

Brachydiplax denticauda, Brawer (1868). New Guinea.

Brachymesia australis, Kirby. Queensland (Z.R., 1889, 1894).

Diplacina smaragdina, Se/ys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Libella (Hydronympha) caledonica, Brawer. Queensland (1868).

Lepthemis sabina, Drury. North-Eastern Australia, Fiji, Java, Celebes, India, China, Japan, Philippine Islands; and some varieties in Arabia, Syria, and Asia Minor.

Erythemis oblita, Rambur. South and Central Australia (Brauer, 1868).

Erythemis haematodis, Burm., (2 oblita, var.) .Australia (Brauer, 1868).

*Erythemis (Trithemis) rubra, Airby. Australia (8.A.), New Guinea (Z.R., 1889). Colour of male when alive bright to dull-red, of female ochre-yellow. Expanse of wings, 14 ins. to 21 ins. (40 to 56 mm.). Specimens from Adelaide and Magill. “Un male. Elle habite toute lAustralie et probablement la New Guinea et les iles voisines.”

*Erythemis sp. Adelaide, South Australia. Wings brownish, body stouter than that of the last, colour yellowish.

Diplax bipunctata, Brawer. Queensland, New Caledonia, Samoa (1868).

Diplax (Zrithemis) trivialis, Rambur. Queensland, N. Guinea, Fiji, Java (Brauer, 1866).

Nannodiplax rubra, Brawer. Queensland (Brauer, 1868).

Nannodiplax Finschi, Karsch. New Guinea (Z.R., 1889).

Nannophya australis, Brauer. New South Wales (1865).

Nannophya (?) pygmea, Fambur. Queensland, Amboyna, Malacca, &c. (Brauer, 1868).

er oe (?) exigua, Hagen. Queensland, Celebes (Brauer, 1868).

Nannodythemis australis, Karsch. Australia (Z.R., 1889).

Nannothemis (?= Nannophya) australis, Brauer. New South Wales (1868).

5

SUBFAMILY 2.—CoRDULINZ.

Epopthalmia (Cordulia) elegans, Hagen. Australia, China, &c.

(Brauer, 1864). popthalmia (Cordulia) australis, Hagen. Australia, Celebes

(Brauer, 1868).

Cordulia novezealandie, Brauer; (Smithii, White). New Zealand (Brauer, 1864).

Hemicordulia affinis, Se/ys. North-Western Australia (Z.R., 1871).

Homicordulia assimilis, Selys. Solomon Islands, Celebes (Z.R., Tece):

i iis, australasize, Rambwr. Queensland (Brauer, 1868).

Hemicordulia fidelis, Se/ys. Loyalty Islands (Z.R., 1886).

*Hemicordulia intermedia, Selys. South Australia, Queensland (Zk, UST).

Hemicordulia Jacksoniensis, Rambur. Australia (Brauer, 1868).

Hemicordulia noveehollandiz Se/ys. Australia (?).

Hemicordulia oceanica, Selys. Tahiti (Brauer, 1868).

*Hemicordulia tau, Se/ys. Australia (S.A. incl.) (Brauer, 1868). “Le genre Hemicordulia, remarkable en ce que les males ont le bord anal des ailes inferieures arrondi, comprend une douzaine d’especes. Parmi elles, deux habitent Madagascar et Maurice, une autre voisine les iles Seychelles. Dans Inde, ona observe une autre espéce, de méme qu’ une autre se trouve assez communement a Java. Contes les autres habitent les iles australes ou le grand continent Australien. Ainsi, |’ oceanica, Selys, a eté prise 4 Taiti, assemilis, Selys, a Celebes et dans le iles Solomon, fidelis, M’Lachlan, les iles Loyauté, les quatre dernierés especes ont été trouve en Australie.”

“Les H. australie, Rambur, et H. novehollandia, Selys, ne portent pas sur le front une tache en forme de I (Greek tau), tandis que H. intermedia et H. tau, Selys, ala tache noire du front en forme de I plus on mois épais. Enfin A. intermedia se distingue de notre espece ‘tau’ par une bande jaune en demi-aureau on second segment de l abdomen. Le taille de toutes espeéces est & peu pres la méme.”

Hpitheca (Cordulia) Grayi, Selys. New Zealand, (?) Australia (Zeit), 1871). _ Epitheca (Cordulia) Braueri, Selys. New Zealand (Z.R., 1871). *Synthemis eustalacta, Burmeister. South Australia, Victoria, &c. (Brauer, 1868). A specimen from Wilmington appears to represent another species. ‘‘ Le groupe Synthemis, recon- naissable par ceque les espaces basilaire et median sont réeticulés avec quatre ailes, est absolument Australien et n’a jamais été observe qu’ en Australie, ou iles Fiji et de la N. Caledonie.”

6

“8. eustalacta a eté observé sur plusieurs points du continent et parait assez rare partout.”

Synthemis miranda, Selys. New Caledonia (Z.R., 1871). Synthemis macrostigma, (Hagen) Selys. Fiji (Z.R., 1871). Synthemis Leachi, Se/ys. Australia (Brauer, 1868; Z.R., 1871). Synthemis guttata, Se/ys. Australia (Brauer, 1868; Z.R., 1871). Synthemis brevistyla, Se/ys. Queensland (Z.R., 1871). Synthemis regina, Selys. Queensland (Z.R., 1874). Synthemis virgula, Se/ys. Victoria (Z.R., 1874). Cordulephya pygmea, Selys. Victoria (Z.R., 1871).

FAMILY II.—ASCHNIDAE.

SUBFAMILY 1. GOMPHINZA.

*Austrogomphus Guérini, Rambur. 8. Australia, &c., Tasmania. (Brauer, 1868).

* Austrogomphus collaris, Se/ys. Australia (Brauer, 1868).

Austrogomphus (? Hemigomphus) ochraceus, Selys. Victoria (Z.R., 1869).

Austrogomphus (?Hemigomphus) amphiclitus, Selys. Queens- land (Z.R., 1873). “Les quatre especes qui composent le genre Austrogomphus sont propre a JlAustralie. Le A. Guérini habite aussi la Tasmanie.”

Hemigomphus lateralis, Selys. North Australia (Z.R., 1873).

Ictinus australis, Selys. Queensland (Z.R., 1871).

Petalura (Diastatomma) gigantea, Leach. Australia (Brauer, 1864). ,

Uropetala Carovei, White. New Zealand (Burmeister, 1838; Brauer, 1864).

SUBFAMILY 2.—ASCHNINE.

Anax guttatus, Burmeister. N. Guinea, India, Java, Seychelles, &e. (R. Martin, Mem. Soc. Zool. de France, [X., p. 104). *Hemianax (Aischna; Anax) papuensis, Burm. (congener, Ramb.). Northern Territory, S.A. (nec Adelaide), N.S. Wales, Queensland (Brauer, 1864). There is also one specimen each from Blinman, 8.A., and Fremantle, W.A. Colour, grey, with black and yellow markings; expanse, 4 ins. (95-102 mm.). Another still larger species, of which a defective specimen is in the collection, is possibly Petalura

gigantea.

Acanthagyna subinterrupta, Rambur. New Guinea (Brauer, 1866). (Acanthagyna, Kirby, is intended to replace Gyna- cantha, Selys, nec Rambur.)

Aischna brevistyla, Rambur. New Zealand (Brauer, 1864). 4schna tahitensis, Brauer. Tahiti (1865).

7

* Austroeschna parvistigma, Selys. South Australia, Victoria, N.S. Wales (Z.R., 1883). This is the largest of the commoner of the S.A. species, resembling H. papuensis in general aspect, and is occasionally seen in great number at the sea coast (Ardrossan, 1880) and the vicinity of larger expanses of water. ‘Cette espéce semble assez commune dans les differents contreés du continent Australien, notam- ment en Victoria et New South Wales.”

* Austrozschna (1) sp. S. Australia ; locality unknown. Colour of all the wings clear brown; size rather larger than pre- ceding.

FAMILY III.—AGRIONID.

SuBFAMILY 1.—CALOPTERYGIN.

Hemiphlebia mirabilis, Selys. Queensland (Z.R., 1869).

Rhinocypha tincta, Rambur. New Guinea, Philippine Islands (Brauer, 1866).

Diphlebia sp. Australia, ‘“ La subfamily Calopterygine n’est representeé en Australie que parle genre Diphlebia qui com- prend une espéce, et par quelque rares espéces de plusieurs autres genres. Certaines groupes de cette son famille sont pourtant fortement représentes a Celebes et méme a la New Guinea.”

SUBFAMILY 2.—AGRIONINZ&. Amphipteryx lestoides, Selys. Queensland (Brit. M.C., p. 654). Archibasis (Stenobasis) occipitalis, Se/ys. New Guinea (Z.R.,

£877):

*Lestes analis, Rambur. “Egalement in South Australia et Victoria.”

*Lestes annulosa, Selys. South Australia, Victoria (Brauer, 1864). ‘Jolie espece observeé en Victoria et S.A., sur les marecages.”

Lestes albicauda, McLachlan. New Guinea (Z.R., 1895). Lestes Colensonis, White. New Zealand (Brauer, 1864). Lestus Leda, Selys. Queensland (Brauer, 1868).

There are two or three undetermined species besides the above in South Australia, of which specimens are in the collection from

the Lakes and Kangaroo Island.

Synlestes Weyeri, Selys. Queensland (Z.R., 1869). Argiolestes obscura, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878). Argiolestes ornata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878). Argiolestes pallidistyla, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878). Argiolestes postnodalis, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878). Argia australis, Guérin. New South Wales (Brauer, 1864). Onychargia flavovittata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R,, 1878). Onychargia rubropunctata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

8

Ischnura (Agrion) aurora, Brauer. Tahiti, Samoa (1865).

Ischnura distigma, Brauer. Queensland (1868).

Ischnura spinicauda, Brauer. Polynesia (1865).

Ischnura tahitensis, Selys. Tahiti (Z.R., 1878).

Pericnemis annulata, Brauer. Samoa (1868).

Idiocnemis bidentata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Idiocnemis inornata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Agrion eruginosum, Brauer. Queensland (1868).

Agrion cingillum, Braver. Queensland (1868).

Agrion cingulatum, Burmeister. Australia (Handb., 823, 1838).

Agrion heterostictum, Burmeister. Australia (Handb., 820, 1838).

Telebasis ae Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Telebasis Laglazei, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Telebasis recurva, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1877).

Telebasis sobrina, Selys. New Zealand (Z.R., 1873).

Telebasis (Teinobasis) zealandica, McLachlan. New Zealand (Z.R., 1873).

Agriocnemis exsudans, Se/ys. New Caledonia, Labuan, Java (Fete, 1577):

Agriocnemis australis, Se/ys. Queensland (Z.R., 1877).

Argiocnemis nigricans, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1877).

Argiocnemis rubescens, Selys. Queensland (Z.R., 1877).

Platysticta auriculata, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Platysticta bicornuta, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1878).

Alloneura erythroprocta, Selys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1886).

Alloneura Wallacei, Se/ys. New Guinea (Z.R., 1886).

Caconeura eburnea, Foerster. Key Islands, New Guinea (Z.R., 1895).

seule finisterree, Yoerster. New Guinea (Z.R., 1895).

Tsosticta (Alloneura) spinipes, Selys. New Caledonia (Z.R., 1885).

Xanthagrion antipodum, Selys. New Zealand (Z.R., 1878).

Xanthagrion zealandicum, Selys. New Zealand ( ? ).

Xanthagrion sp. New Zealand.

*Xanthagrion erythroneurum, Selys. South Australia, Victoria (Z.R., 1878). This, the smallest of the S.A. species, is remarkable for the bright red and green tints of the males, and has been obtained at Adelaide, Goolwa, and Strathal- byn. ‘Cette espece qui habite, Melbourne, Adelaide et un grand nombre de points sur le continent Australien, est tres commune en Victoria, dans les marais et sur les etangs en Octobre-Novembre. Les males semblent etre plus nom- breux que les femelles; ce qui est un ces frequent chez beaucoup d’especes d’ Odonates.”

“‘O’est la seule espece du genre qui soit purement Austra- lienne, le trois autres especes habitent New Zealand.”

9

NoTES ON AUSTRALIAN LEPIDOPTERA. By A. Jerreris Turner, M.D., F.E.S. [Read May 2, 1899.]

ARCTIADAs.

The present paper is preliminary to a revision of the Australian species belonging to this family. I take the opportunity of making the following corrections in nomenclature :—

Tigrioides splendens, Luc. = Wonistis* entella, Cr. Brunia repleta, Lue. = Tigrioides repleta, Luc. Brunia intersecta, Luce. = Xylorycta porphyrinella, Walk. (Tineina, Xyloryctide ) Sorocostia interspersa, Luc. = Mosoda interspersa, Luc Chiriphe anguliscripta, Luc. = Goniosema anguliscripta, Luc. Comarchis equidistans, Luc. =Chiriphe equidistans, Lue. Comarchis obliquata, Luc. = Scaeodora obliquata, Lue. Comarchis lunata, Lue. = Scaeodora lunata, Luc.

Anestia inquinata, Lue. =Anestia ombrophanes, Meyr.,

var.

Spilosoma brisbanensis, Luc. = Spilosoma fuscinula, Dbid., var. Spilosoma quinquefascia, Luc. = Spilosoma fuscinula, Dbld. Calligenia pilchert, Luc. = Enaemia dives, Walk.

(Tineina, Hyponomeutide ) Nudaria albida, Walk. = Phaneropseustis albida, Walk.

Nudaria obducta, Luc. Phaneropseustis obducta, Lue. Nudaria mollis, Lue. = Psilopepla mollis, Luc. Nudaria macilenta, Tine. = Thallarcha macilenta, Luc. Spilosoma frenchi, Lue. = Spilosoma erythrastis, Meyr. Thallarcha phaedropa, Meyr. = Thallarcha phalarota, Meyr.

(female)

I have not yet been able to examine many of the species ‘described by Dr. Lucas, but the following are, I believe, correctly referred :— |

Scoliacma iridescens, Luc. Sorocostia mesozona, Meyr. Scoliacma cervina, Luc. Sorocostia argentea, Luc. Tigrioides transcripta, Luc. Mosoda venusta, Lue.

Thrypticodes xyloglypta, Meyr. Pelobrochis rava, Luc. Sarrothripa punctata, Luc. Diphtheraspis modicus, Luc.

_ *This is, however, not a true @Wonistis, according to the definition in Meyrick’s Handbook.

10

TIGRIOIDES XANTHOPLEURA, %. sp.

Male, 30-32 mm. Head ochreous-yellow, sometimes with a slatey-grey bar on vertex and collar. Antenne pale-fuscous. Thorax slatey-grey. Abdomen ochreous. Jegs_ slatey-grey ; posterior tibiz and tarsi pale-ochreous. Forewings elongate, posteriorly dilated, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hind- margin rounded, slightly oblique; pale slatey-grey; a pale- ochreous line along whole of costa, broadest at base, narrowing towards apex. Hindwings and cilia pale-ochreous-yellow.

Brisbane; several specimens in August.

TIGRIOIDES ACOSMA, 7. sp.

Male, 30 mm. Forewings with vein 2 from near angle, 3 and 4 stalked, 5 absent, 8 and 9 out of 7, 11 anastomosing with 12. Hindwings with 4 and 5 absent, 6 and 7 stalked, 8 from middle of cell.

Head and thorax orange-ochreous. Antenne fuscous, towards base pale ochreous. Abdomen grey; lower surface and tuft orange-ochreous. Legs pale ochreous ; anterior and middle tibiz and tarsi tinged with fuscous. Forewings elongate, somewhat dilated, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, hindmargin some- what obliquely rounded ; pale ochreous, somewhat fuscous-tinged, without markings, cilia pale ochreous. Hindwings and cilia pale ochreous.

Differs from most of the genus in vein 2 of forewings arising from near angle of cell; but there is considerable variation in the genus in the place of origin of this vein. The point men- tioned will prove useful in distinguishing this from 7. nana, Walker, another unicolorous species, in which vein 2 is from middle of cell.

Johnstone River, North Queensland ; one specimen in the col- lection of Mr. R. H. Relton.

ZEDGA, 2. g.

Tongue present. Antenne in male filiform, shortly ciliated (two- thirds), with scattered longer cilia. Palpi minute. Forewings with vein 2 from two-thirds, 3 and 4 stalked, 5 absent, 3 and 9 by a common stalked out of 7, 11 separate. Hindwings with 3 and 4 stalked, 5 absent, 6 and 7 stalked, 8 from middle of cell.

Distinguished from Tigrioides, Butler, by the absence of anasto- mosis between veins 11 and 12 of forewings.

AXDGA MONOCHROA, 7. sp.

Male and female, 17-18 mm. Head, antennex, and thorax yellow- ochreous. Abdomen ochreous-whitish; tuft yellow -ochreous. Legs pale fuscous ; posterior tibie and tarsi pale ochreous. Fore-

11

wings elongate, somewhat dilated, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, hindmargin somewhat obliquely rounded; uniform yellow-ochreous ; cilia pale ochreous. Hindwings and cilia pale ochreous. This species might be easily mistaken for small specimens of Tigrioides nana, Walker, if attention were not paid to neuration. Brisbane ; two specimens in January and April.

CALLIGENIA SAGINAEA, 1. sp.

Male, 20 mm. Head pale-yellowish. Antenne whitish. Thorax pale-yellowish, with two grey spots anteriorly, and two more on bases of patagia. Abdomen whitish. Legs ochreous- whitish ; apical two-thirds of anterior and middle tibiz fuscous. Forewings posteriorly dilated, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, hindmargin very obliquely rounded, pale-yellowish, with reticulated grey markings ; base of costa grey; a median grey line from base to one-third, joined by two lines from costa at one-fourth and before middle, and two from inner-margin at one-fourth and middle ; an inwardly oblique line from costa near apex to middle of inner-margin, connected with costa at two- thirds ; a fine irregularly-dentate line arising with preceding to inner-margin before anal angle ; a dot in disc at two-thirds ; cilia yellowish. Hindwings and cilia whitish.

The type is somewhat worn.

Cairns, Queensland ; one specimen taken by Mr. C. J. Wild in July. (Queensland Museum).

TERMESSA DIPLOGRAPHA, 1. Sp.

Female, 22 mm. Head whitish ; vertex and collar yellowish. Palpi ochreous. Antenne fuscous. Thorax ochreous-yellow, auterior-margin blackish. Abdomen (broken). Legs ochreous; anterior tibize and tarsi obscurely annulated with fuscous. Fore- wings elongate-triangular, costa gently arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin rather oblique, scarcely rounded; light ochreous- yellow, with dark-fuscous markings; a broad line from costa at one-fifth, angulated beneath costa to inner-margin at one-fourth ; a second line from costa at two-fifths to beyond middle of inner- margin, slightly wavy in disc; a third line from costa at two- thirds to anal angle, somewnat dilated on costa; a fine line parallel to third from just beyond anal angle, angulated outwards in dise at three-fourths, and ceasing abruptly; disc between third and fourth lines partly suffused with fuscous ; a large triangular spot on hindmargin immediately beneath apex ; cilia ochreous- yellow, on hindmarginal spot and at anal angle fuscous. Hind- wings light-ochreous-yellow ; a broad fuscous band from costa near hindmargin, dilated in middle, narrowing to a point at anal angle ; cilia pale-ochreous-yellow, with a small fuscous spot below apex.

12

Smaller than the other species of the genus. Distinguished from 7’. gratiosa, Walk., by the yellower forewings, with both fascize completely resolved into two separate lines.

Brisbane ; one specimen.

EURODES, 7. 9.

Tongue well-developed. Palpi small, protected, terminal joint short, obtuse. Antenne in male (unknown). Forewings with vein 2 from two-fifths, 3 from near angle, 4 and 5 stalked, 6 and 7 stalked, 11 connected bya bar with 12. Hindwings with 3 and 4 stalked, 5 absent, 6 and 7 stalked, 8 from near angle of cell.

Among Australian genera this appears to stand isolated. The separate “condition of veins 8, 9, and 10 of forewing is note- worthy.

EURODES MICROMMATA, 7. Sp.

Female, 17 mm. Head and thorax fuscous-grey. Abdomen whitish -ochreous, Legs pale ochreous. Forewings oblong, strongly dilated, costa strongly arched in basal half, thence nearly straight ; apex obtuse, hindmargin straight, rounded beneath, not oblique; fuscous-grey, mixed with pale ochreous; apical two- fifths of costa ochreous; three blackish lines; first wavy from costa at one-third to inner margin at two-fifths; second from costa at three-fifths to middle of hindmargin, and continued along margin to anal angle; third from costa at four-fifths, joining second line: a minute orange spot in disc at two-thirds ; cilia grey, mixed with blackish. Hindwi ings and cilia whitish- ochreous

Port Darwin, North Australia; one specimen. (Coll. Lyell).

PHANEROPSEUSTIS, Meyr. (MSS.).

Head with projecting scales above. Tongue well developed. Antenne of male filiform, shortly ciliated (one-half to one). Palpi short, appressed, loosely scaled; terminal joint short, obtuse. Forewings with two from three-fifths, three from four- fifths, seven and eight stalked, eight and nine stalked, ten absent, twelve giving off three short branches to costa. Hindwings six and seven long- stalked, eight from four-fifths.

Characterised especially by the curious branching of vein twelve of forewings.

PHANEROPSEUSTIS ALBIDA, Walk.

Nudaria albida, Walker, Brit. Mus. Cat., Suppl., 273; Lucas ; Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1893.

Male and female, 16-19 mm. Head, palpi, antenne, thorax, and abdomen white. Legs white; anterior tibie and tarsi fuscous-tinged. Forewings oblong, posteriorly dilated, costa strongly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded ;

13

white, thinly-scaled ; markings pale-fuscous; a blackish dot in disc before middle, and a second beyond middle; two fine inter- rupted lines from costa at one-fifth and before middle, ending in rather conspicuous dots on inner-margin, which are sometimes confluent ; a third line from costa at two-thirds to before anal angle, sometimes obsolete ; a fourth line from costa before apex to hindmargin above anal angle, also sometimes obsolete; a series of dots along hindmargin; cilia white. Hindwings and cilia white. Brisbane ; in September. PHANEROPSEUSTIS OBDUCTA, LZ.

Nudaria obducta, Lucas, Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1893.

Maie, 18mm. Head pale-fuscous; face and palpi whitish. Antenuze whitish. Thorax pale-fuscous, irrorated with whitish scales. Abdomen white. Legs white; anterior pair fuscous- tinged. Forewings oblong, not dilated, costa strongly arched at base, thence slightly, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded ; whitish ; irrorated with fuscous scales; all margins narrowly edged with fuscous ; interrupted fuscous streaks along veins in disc, and terminations of veins on hindmargin ; a dot in dise at two-thirds; an ill-defined whitish fascia at one-third ; a whitish area along hindmargin, bounded anteriorly by a well- defined dentate line from costa at two-thirds obliquely outwards, then bent parallel to hindmargin, ending in inner-margin at three-fourths ; indications of a fine line posterior and parallel to this; cilia pale-fuscous, apices whitish. Hindwings and cilia whitish.

Brisbane.

PSILOPEPLA, 2. g.

Tongue present. Antenne, basal joint clothed with long hairs, forming an anterior tuft; in male filiform, with short, fine cilia- tions (two-thirds). Palpi minute. Forewings clothed with fine hair-like scales; vein two from near middle, three from five- sixths, five absent, eight and nine out of seven, ten running into nine, eleven anastomosing with twelve. Hindwings six and seven long-stalked, eight from two-fifths.

A peculiar genus, but probably allied to Phaneropseustis, Meyr.

PSILOPEPLA MOLLIS, Lue.

Nudaria mollis, Lucas, Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1893.

Male, 14 mm. Head whitish, suffused above with pale-fuscous. Antenne whitish. Thorax whitish, suffused with pale-fuscous. Abdomen whitish. Legs whitish; anterior tibiz pale-fuscous. Forewings strongly dilated posteriorly, costa moderately arched, apex rounded, hindmargin oblique, scarcely rounded ; whitish,

14

thinly scaled ; costal edge pale-fuscous at base, a pale fuscous dot in disc near base, and another on inner-margin near base, the whole connected by a pale-ochreous suffusion ; a pale-fuscous dot on costa at one-third, connected by a pale ochreous suffusion, with a pale-fuscous line to inner-margin at one-fourth; a circular fuscous spot above middle of disc ; a pale-fuscous dot on costa at two-thirds, connected by a pale-ochreous suffusion with a pale- fuscous line, which describes a strongly sigmoid curve before ending in anal angle ; a very pale fuscous line towards hindmargin, darker above anal angle; cilia whitish, above anal angle fuscous. Hindwings and cilia whitish.

A delicate and prettily-marked species.

Brisbane.

SCAPHIDRIOTIS, Meyr. (MSS.).

Tongue well developed. Antennz in male finely and evenly ciliated (one and a-half), with a dense tuft of scales on upper surface immediately beyond basal joint. Palpi moderate, second joint clothed with very long loose hairs, terminal joint short, obtuse. Thorax with a posterior crest. Forewings with inner- margin strongly folded over beneath ; vein two from two-thirds, five absent, eight and nine out of seven. Hindwings with a dense patch of scales on upper surface ; vein five absent, six and seven long-stalked, eight from one-fourth.

SCAPHIDRIOTIS XYLOGRAMMA, Meyr. (MSS.).

Male, 16-17 mm. Head and palpi fuscous. Antenne whitish, brownish tinged ; tuft whitish, but portion from which tuft arises fuscous. Thorax fuscous ; crest whitish ; apex of patagia dark-fuscous. Abdomen fuscous ; tuft whitish. Legs whitish ; anterior pair infuscated. Forewings very elongate-triangular, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded ; whitish, thickly irrorated with brownish-fuscous scales, which form more or less distinct markings; a line from one- fourth of costa to one-third of inner-margin, sometimes obsolete ; a sharply-dentate line from costa at three-fifths to before anal angle; a dark spot below middle of disc touching ;this line ; series of dark spots along apical-third of costa and hind- ‘margin ; cilia whitish, on spots bases brownish-fuscous. Hind- wings whitish-brown; with a densely scaled brownish-fuscous

atch above middle; cilia whitish.

Brisbane ; four specimens.

PSAPHARACIS, 2x. g. Tongue well developed. Antenne in male (unknown). Palpi moderate, slender, ascending ; terminal joint moderate, tolerably acute. Forewings with costa very strongly arched, hindmargin

15

excavated ; vein two from five-sixths, eight and nine out of seven. Hindwings with three and four stalked, five absent, six _and seven stalked, eight from one-third.

PSAPHARACIS TOXOPHORA, 7. sp.

Female, 19 mm. MHead palefuscous. Palpi dark-fuscous. Antenne brown-whitish. Thorax brown-whitish. Abdomen grey. Legs ochreous-whitish ; anterior pair fuscous. Forewings trapezoidal, strongly dilated beyond middle, costa at first straight, very strongly arched beyond middle and crested on convexity, apex acute, hindmargin excavated beneath apex, hence obliquely rounded ; brown whitish, paler towards hindmargin ; an ill- defined whitish streak along costa to two-thirds; dark-fuscous dots on costa at one-fifth, beyond two-fifths, three-fifths, and four others in apical third; from second costal dot an indistinct, very slender, much angulated, transverse line to inner-margin at two-fifths ; from third dot a very slender line parallel to costa, abruptly bent beneath costa at five-sixths, and continued much angulated to before anal angle, where it forms a conspicuous dark-fuscous spot ; a transversely oval whitish spot above middle of disc at three-fifths ; cilia brown-whitish, mixed with dark- fuscous. Hindwings and cilia grey.

Brisbane ; one specimen taken by Mr. F. P. Dodd.

SOROCOSTIA CERRAUNIAS, 7. Sp.

Male, 15 mm. Head whitish. Palpi (2), white irrorated -with grey. Antenne grey. Thorax whitish-grey. Abdomen grey. Legs fuscous; posterior pair whitish. Forewings elongate, posteriorly dilated, costa moderately arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin very obliquely rounded; whitish-grey, sparsely -scattered with blackish scales; first and second tufts blackish anteriorly ; a narrow blackish line, outwardly curved, from costa _at one-fourth to inner-margin at one-fourth; a second similar line, somewhat angulated, inwardly oblique, from costa at three- fourths to inner-margin at three-fourths ; cilia grey. Hindwings and cilia whitish.

In Meyrick’s table falls with S. paroxynta, Meyr., from which it is distinguished by the shorter palpi, blackish tufts on fore- wings, and other points. Examples of this and the two following “species were submitted to Mr. Meyrick, who pronounced them new.

Sydney ; two specimens in February.

SOROCOSTIA DESMOTES, 7. sp.

Male and female, 12-15 mm. Head, thorax, and antennz -pale-brownish, or whitish, irrorated with brownish scales. Palpi (2), fuscous-brown. Abdomen whitish-grey. Legs fuscous,

16

irrorated with whitish. Forewings elongate-triangular, costa slightly arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin scarcely rounded, rather strongly oblique; whitish, irrorated with pale-brownish and dark-fuscous scales; three suffused fuscous spots on costa at base, one-third, and middle ; from the second of these proceeds an angulated, suffused line to inner-margin at one-third; a slightly sigmoid line of dark-fuscous dots from costa at three- fourths to before anal angle; cilia brownish, with a whitish basal line. Hindwings and cilia whitish-grey.

In Meyrick’s table falls with S. parallacta, Meyr., from which it is distinguished by the much shorter palpi, brownish colora- tion, and dark-fuscous spots on costa.

Brisbane ; in September, and again in January and February, rather common, kut seldom taken in good condition.

SOROCOSTIA MICROPHILA, 7%. sp.

Female, 11-13mm. Headand thorax white, irrorated with blackish scales. Antenne white, annulated with blackish. Palpi one anda half, dark-fuscous. Abdomen grey. Legs dark-fuscous, irrorated with white. Forewings elongate, posteriorly dilated, costa slightly arched, apex round-pointed, hindmargin very obliquely rounded ; white, faintly ochreous-tinged, irrorated with blackish scales ; tufts posteriorly white, anteriorly mixed with fuscous ; anterior line very inwardly oblique, from costa at one-fourth to inner- margin at one-fifth; posterior line obsolete on costa, though, otherwise conspicuous, from beneath costa at two-thirds, strongly angulated outwards, then inwardly oblique to inner-margin beyond middle ; a blackish dot in disc before apex ; and a series. of black dots along hindmargin; cilia grey, irrorated with blackish, tips whitish. Hindwings and cilia grey.

In Meyrick’s table falls with S. epicentra, Meyr., from which it may be distinguished by its much smaller size and different form of transverse lines.

Brisbane; three specimens.

URABA LEUCOSPILA, 7. Sp.

Male, 16 mm.; female, 22 mm. Head white. Palpi fuscous. Antenne whitish. Thorax white; with some fuscous scales. Abdomen grey. Legs fuscous, mixed with whitish. Forewings. triangular, costa moderately arched, apex obtuse, hindmargin almost straight, rather oblique ; fuscous (in female pale-fuscous), with some scattered white scales; a triangular white blotch on. inner-margin from base to beyond middle, not reaching above. sniddle of disc ; two fine fuscous lines, much angulated, first from costa at two-fifths to inner-margin forming outer edge of white blotch, second from costa at three-fifths to inner-margin before-

17

anal angle ; first line edged anteriorly with white ; second edged posteriorly with white, rather broadly in costal portion; space between two lines suffused with brassy-metallic scales, and with dark-fuscous forming an indistinct median streak; three or four minute white dots on apical two-fifths of costa; from the second of these a very fine wavy white line proceeds to anal angle; cilia pale-fuscous. Hindwings and cilia dark-grey ; paler in female.

Closely allied to Uraba metallopa, Meyr., from which it may be distinguished by the absence of basal costal metallic spot, by the sharply-defined white blotch, which does not extend to costa, and by the more angulated transverse lines. The male is much smaller and darker than the female.

Brisbane ; two specimens.

SARROTHRIPA POLYCYMA, 2. Sp.

Male and female, 17-22 mm. Head and palpi dark-fuscous, irrorated with white scales. Antenne fuscous, basal joint irrorated with white. Thorax white, irrorated with dark- fuscous. Abdomen grey. Legs white, irrorated with dark- fuscous. Forewings elongate-oblong, posteriorly dilated, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded ; white, thickly irrorated with grey ; with six slender, much angul- ated, blackish transverse lines; first and second parallel, from costa about one-fifth, becoming lost in disc; third and fourth parallel, from costa about two-fifths, to inner-margin about middle ; fifth and sixth parallel, describing a sigmoid curve, from costa at four-fifths to inner-margin before anal angle; one or two blackish dots on costa before apex ; two indistinct whitish lines parallel to hindmargin ; a blackish line, tending to be inter- rupted, along hindmargin ; cilia grey, mixed with white scales. Hindwings white; at apex and along hindmargin dark-grey ; cilia white, basal half grey at apex.

Distinguished from S. exophila, Meyr., by the absence of greenish scales, the white hindwings, and other details.

Brisbane ; four specimens from January to April.

THRYPTICODES, Meyr. (MSS).

Tongue well-developed. Antenne in male with very short ciliations (one-eighth), and a small tuft of hairs on upper surface near base (absent in female). Palpi rather long (two), with appressed scales, ascending ; terminal joint long, obtuse. Thorax crested posteriorly. Anterior tibiz densely tufted with long hairs beneath, especially in male. Forewings with vein two from two-thirds, eight and nine out of seven by a common stalk, ten out of seven. Hindwings in male with a pencil of long hairs.

B

18

arising from upper aspect of costa (absent in female); three, four, and five from a common stalk, eight from middle. Allied to Sarrothripa, Curt.

THRYPTICODES XYLOGLYPTA, Meyr.

Thrypticodes xyloglypta, (Meyr., MSS.), Lucas, Proc. Linn. Soc., N.S.W., 1889.

The markings of forewings are variable, usually darker in the female.

Brisbane ; in December, January, and February.

MosoDA HEMICHROA, 7%. sp.

Female, 20 mm. Head and thorax fuscous, irrorated with whitish. Palpi and antenne fuscous. Abdomen ochreous ; tuft dark-fuscous. Legs fuscous; posterior tibiz ochreous-whitish. Forewings elongate-triangular, costa slightly arched, apex rounded, hindmargin obliquely rounded; fuscous thickly irrorated with whitish scales—the absence of these gives rise to the follow- ing markings :—An indistinct transverse line near base, a wavy transverse line from costa at one-third